Írsc Verb Conjugation

Verbs have the following conjugation:

  • First conjugation weak verbs are distinguished by palatalization of the infinitive and present participle and i-umlaut, for short-stem first conjugation weak verbs in all forms except the past participle and the past indicative, and for long-stem first conjugation weak verbs in all forms. Finite stem vowels are leveled to the 3rd sg.
  • /ər/ (or after vowels, /r/) is the present indicative active ending. However long-stem first conjugation and third conjugation weak verbs receive palatalization in the present finite.
  • /əst/ (or after vowels, /st/) is the present indicative middle ending. However long-stem first conjugation and third conjugation weak verbs receive palatalization in the present finite.
  • /əst/ (or after vowels, /st/) is the strong preterite indicative middle ending.
  • /ə/ is the infinitive ending.
  • /dʲə/ (or after fortis obstruents, /tʲə/) is the weak preterite indicative active ending, except for second conjugation weak verbs, for which it is /ədʲə/.
  • /dʲəst/ (or after fortis obstruents, /tʲəst/) is the weak preterite indicative middle ending, except for second conjugation weak verbs, for which it is /ədʲəst/.
  • Second conjugation weak verbs ending in consonants have /ə/ as an imperative ending.
  • /ə/ with palatalization is the present subjunctive active ending.
  • /əst/ with palatalization is the present subjunctive middle ending.
  • /ə/ with palatalization and i-umlaut is the strong past subjunctive active ending.
  • /əst/ with palatalization and i-umlaut is the strong past subjunctive midde ending.
  • /dʲə/ (or after fortis obstruents, /tʲə/) with i-umlaut is the weak past subjunctive active ending, except for second conjugation weak verbs, for which it is /ədʲə/.
  • /dʲəst/ (or after fortis obstruents, /tʲəst/) with i-umlaut is the weak past subjunctive middle ending, except for second conjugation weak verbs, for which it is /ədʲəst/.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s